I’ve been aware of fungus in pigeon shit for over thirty years as With the flu virus as well What country uses pigeons for various uses including dining along with cats? What country has scientists that are creators bar none? Communists? Turned down help from USA help cdc? What country threw up bldgs over night had a “cure”to battle the beer virus? What country is guilty???? Fucking short small dick bastArds!!!!!!!!!
Why you may ask ???? Look who is running the U S look who tweets bullshtinsults world leaders doesn’t know sports teams geography history. Moronic classless raccoon pig.
How do you kill a asshole with a fungal virus mixture but even those shrimps fucked up damn!!!!!!!$
The study, carried out by researchers at the University of Birmingham, The Pirbright Institute and University College London, sheds fresh light on the immune system’s ability to deal with co-infection.
Fungal infections are major killers of patients with impaired immunity, such as AIDS patients or transplant recipients, but they usually occur alongside a secondary, viral infection. Although clinicians understand how the immune system responds to each of these types of pathogen, much less is known about what happens when both occur together.
Typically, white blood cells will attack pathogens through a process called phagocytosis — where a pathogen is engulfed by the white blood cell. In fungal infections, however, this process sometimes ‘reverses’ — ejecting the fungus back out of the white blood cell via a process called vomocytosis.
In a new study, published in PLOS Pathogens, the researchers were able to show that this process of expulsion is rapidly accelerated when the white blood cell detects a virus.
The team used advanced microscopy techniques to study live white blood cells exposed to two different types of virus, HIV, and measles, alongside the fungal pathogen, Cryptococcus neoformans. This opportunistic pathogen is particularly deadly among HIV+ patients, where it causes around 200,000 deaths per year worldwide.
The researchers found that, instead of becoming simply less able to deal with the fungus, the white blood cells began expelling the fungal cells much more rapidly.
Lead author, Professor Robin May, Director of the Institute of Microbiology and Infection at the University of Birmingham, explains: “We found the macrophages ejected their prey — the fungal cells — much more quickly when the virus was present. This was very unexpected, but could be an attempt to ‘free up’ those white blood cells to deal with the new viral invaders.”
Because the vomocytosis occurred with both viruses, the researchers concluded that the effect was likely to be a general response to viral co-infection.
Professor Robin May adds: “This is the first time that scientists have studied our immune system’s response to fungal infection in the much more realistic setting of a secondary (viral) infection. We don’t yet know whether this mechanism makes the white blood cells more or less effective in fighting off either infection. Although expelling the fungal cell will free up the macrophage to attack the virus, it also sets free the fungal cell to continue its spread through the body.”
Dr Dalan Bailey, head of the Viral Glycoproteins group at Pirbright, comments: “This is another interesting example of transkingdom interactions between microbes, this time fungi and viruses. We are only beginning to understand the complexity of microbe interactions within the host, and this collaboration sheds new light on this exciting new area of research”
Investigating these processes in animal models will be the next step for the team, with a longer term goal of harnessing the mechanisms used to trigger the expulsion of fungi and use them to help clear these pathogens from the body.
Strokes and heart disease run in my family . My mother had a blockage in her neck and the surgery loosened the plaque which caused a stroke. Several years later she had died from a stroke I believe not sure becausee I changed my phone number but hadn’t let my mom know of my change of digits. My sister has my number and refused to contact me. The devil has owned her since she was 3.
Daughter like mother I had 2 temporary ischemic attacks ten years ago and a week ago I had another one which made my right side week and dizzy I lost my balance and fell into a corner of a box and have a huge bruise which is so painful
“THIS IS THE WAY THE WORLD ENDS, NOT WITH A BANG BUT A WHIMPER.” ~
Ideologies separate us. Dreams and anguish bring us together.
Love those polydactyl
People who cheat lie to themselves thinking their significant other would never know. Cheaters get a haircut, try a new cologne, leave for work early arrive home late, treat their partner with contempt, arguments are lame and an easy way to leave the house, there is no more fucking because you’re horny as you can’t stand having that person touch you, parking tickets,movie theatre tickets ect are carelessly left in your pants pocket, you smell like your lover and the list goes on but one thing for sure the cheater subliminally wants to get caught because they are the bad person and they get their freedom.
So many say they only stay for their kids which is the standard bullshit they tell themselves. Truth be known they don’t want to be treated like the pariah that they have become. When people uncouple the kids are going to support the wounded parent and so many use their kids as pawns. If you’re not happy leave.
Trump is such an idiot the Kansas City Chiefs are from Missouri not Kansas.
It says volumes about frump supporters. The guy doesn’t even know sports teams location and he tweets ignorant statements. Anyone supporting such illiteracy needs to get educated and the most important form of learning is experience.
Ms Measha my sweet mainecoon kitty has been chosen for the cover of fb mainecoon
Happy birthday shitface hope you’re aging well lol.
We don’t realize how precious life is until something devestating happens. A great man gone in a breath, taking with him his 13 yr old daughter.
He was a fine example of the word basketball player. More than a player, more than a man with a huge heart, his desire to help man has not been surpassed by another player.
Rest In Peace Kobe
It’s only here on earth, my friends,
We’re lent to each other, for at the end
We leave the beautiful songs behind…
We leave the beautiful blooms behind.
Americans have been judged by our countries leadership. When a president spends more time golfing than running a country with integrity and honesty.
Americans are being treated poorly around the world because we are judged on the current administrations actions.
A certain person feels that they had the right to withhold aid to another country if they didnt dance to his tune.
Americans have supported so many for so long but our government officials once again have abused power and the American people pay for it.
It’s nauseating to see the way our government is dealing with immigrants . Children dieing from lack of proper healthcare. Pregnant women are treated poorly as so many others are as well.
The abuse of power by a government impacts the people of that county and Americans are no acception.
Americans are not alone as the U.K. Monarchy has its issues as well. One woman has pussy whipped a man under the throne.
When she realized that being the first of a mixed race wasn’t going to bring her the fame she wanted she found another way.
Between the desire
And the spasm,
Between the potency
And the existence,
Between the essence
And the descent,
Falls the Shadow.
This is the way the world ends.
Hope is faith holding out its hand in the dark
Slap a bitch, o no I meant slap a retired soccer player-save koala’s and Roos.
God, thank you for the rain
The torture of a bad conscience is the hell of a living soul.
Indeed, there is no one on earth who is righteous, no one who does what is right and never sins.
Love my Maine Coon kitty, she’s so fun!!!!
How’s it feel to be a forgotten hero? That’s what happens when we no longer can play a painless game, this is what happens to us as we age. You will never cross the finish line again, now will you???
All the art of living lies in a fine mingling of letting go and holding on.
“What we do for ourselves dies with us. … “What we have done for ourselves alone dies with us; what we have done for others and the world remains and is immortal.”
In a Time of Universal Deceit — Telling the Truth Is a Revolutionary Act
“Unfortunately, a super-abundance of dreams is paid for by a growing potential for nightmares.”
Please burn that blue suit and get a custom fitted striped double breasted suit. You would look more professional.
I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent. Good Evil Violence
An American has no sense of privacy. He does not know what it means.There is no such thing in the country.
The healthy man does not torture others – generally it is the tortured who turn into torturers.
With foxes we must play the fox.
Most college students take 4 yrs to get a bachelors degree, my daughter did it in three years. She held a position on law review, she did apprenticeships in Washington DC and Chicago. She currently is working for a law firm in her chosen field of law.
When one becomes an attorney and sworn in they also sign a book that makes it official along with being sworn in.
My daughter is finally moving onto the next phase of her life as I am as I have finally sold the home that I raised my family and my husband took his last breath.
Nothing is so common as the wish to be remarkable.
Gaby when will you no longer want to live your life as a remarkable person? When will you be happy with a simple life???? Probably never because you thrive on attention
When a good man is hurt, all whowould be called good must suffer with him
Don’t forget that I cannot see myself, that my role is limited to being the one who looks in the mirror.
The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.
Life can only be understood backwards; but it must be lived forwards.
How does one kill fear, I wonder? How do you shoot a spectre through the heart, slash off its spectral head, take it by its spectral throat?
Your memory is a monster; you forget—it doesn’t. It simply files things away. It keeps things for you, or hides things from you—and summons them to your recall with will of its own. You think you have a memory; but it has you!
“Man, when he does not grieve, hardly exists.”
Remember, we are our own griefs, my dear, we are our own happinesses and we are our own remedies.
“People like to say that the conflict is between good and evil. The real conflict is between truth and lies.”
Quid Pro Quo (latin)
Three words that lead to the down fall of a fucking moron. Yes the snake tries to wiggle away without much luck.
He abuses power, insults women, cheats on his tax return, acts like Hitler and the list goes on.
Americans are no longer safe,respected or welcome in other countries.
I’ve never seen so many members of government that gets resign or are removed from office.
Someone needs to take his twitter finger and put it in a pencil sharpener.
Nothing is so common as the wish to be remarkable.
For all of the internet asswipes that think it’s just fine and dandy to ghost someone, go fuck yourselves.
When you ghost someone it’s either because you’re afraid of the power someone has over you or you’re just sick in the head and get off on fucking with someone’s head.
Myself, I just step aside and let him do what he feels he needs to. He loves hacking me and accessing my accounts. MAybe he thinks I’ve discussed him with someone through email or another way. Sorry to inform you that I’m in no way impressed with your bullshit. You are afraid to live the life you fantasize about.
Irina is living her best life feeding off of your fame. You act so humble but you do suck!
Yes, sometimes you just gotta step back and say what the fuck and walk away.
All sins tend to be addictive, and the terminal point of addiction is damnation.
When love is in excess, it brings a man no honor, no worthiness.
“It is in your moments of decision that your destiny is shaped.”
The defects and faults of the mind are like wounds in the body. After all imaginable care has been taken to heal them up, still there will be a scar left behind.
Nothing can drive one closer to his own insanity than a haunting memory refusing its own death.
Pursuit and seduction are the essence of sexuality. It’s part of the sizzle
“Reason is not automatic. Those who deny it cannot be conquered by it.”
Freedom is what you do with what’s been done to you.
When a good man is hurt, all who would be called good must suffer with him.
Birds sing after a storm; why shouldn’t people feel as free to delight in whatever sunlight remains to them?
I’m a very simple person and simple things make me happy.
I enjoy cooking and baking
Strawberry rhubarb in puff pastry would you like one?
My pets make me laugh and makes me happy because they love me for who I am.
My granddaughters give me a chance to enjoy them and explore the world with them.
My wound is geography. It is also my anchorage, my port of call.
Is being an asshole hereditary or is it an acquired taste ?
‘The past is never where you think you left it.’